Kartasov, Kirill & Shchepkin, Vasili (2018). Ritual and Law: Reception of Adam Laxman’s Expedition in Japan. Russian Japanology Review 25:149-159.
The factual head of the Japanese government, Matsudaira Sadanobu (1759-1829), declared ‘ritual’ and ‘law’ as the foundation for receiving Adam Laxman’s expedition, the first Russian mission to Japan (1792-93). The article attempts at understanding the meaning he ascribed to those notions through the lens of several sources related to Laxman’s expedition.